What Is Type of Data Collection in Statistic?

Statistics is the study of the organization, calculation, analysis, and the property of data.  Statistics never escapes from the use of data because data is one of the main substantial of statistics. Statistics includes the discipline knowledge and science in getting interpretation from data. Some of them create forecasts even the calculation from specific formula. Data is the smallest unit of statistical learning. Data is like a cell that can lives by their selves. However, cell can live alone without any kind of organisms.  So does the data which have any meaning and contributes information. However, the data will be more meaningful if it is managed and organized well. Data shows information and values for statistical calculation and then interpreted to get the result of statistics. Data can be organized structurally by making a table, histogram, graph, or any type of visualization data. Data helps everyone understanding what the meaning of number or formulas is. It makes clear the definition of a theorem or make easy in rearranging the data table. Data has an important role in statistics. It is so impossible statistics without data that should be analyzed.

Types of data collection

  • Sample Survey
  • Administrative Data

Data can be collected using three main types of surveys: censuses, sample survey, and administrative data. Each has advantages and disadvantages. As students, you may be required to collect data at some time. The method you choose will depend on a number of factors.


A census refers to data collection about every unit in a group or population. If you collected data about the height of everyone in your class, that would be regarded as a class census. There are various reasons why a census may or may not be chosen as the method of data collection.

Sample survey

In a sample survey, only part of the total population is approached for data. If you collected data about the height of 5 students in a class of 30, that would be a sample survey of the class rather than a census. Reasons one may or may not choose to use a sample survey include:


Administrative data

Administrative data are collected as a result of an organization’s day-to-day operations. Examples include data on births, deaths, marriages, divorces and car registrations. For example, prior to being issued a marriage license, a couple must provide the registrar with information about their age, sex, birthplace, address and previous marital status. These administrative files can be used later as a substitute for a sample survey or a census.


Ema Rosyidah  Ansori

Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Ekonomi  Indonesia



About lukmanforindonesia
My name Lukman Hakim I am Indonesian.... Just THINK POSITIVELY everyday and see what will happen.....

2 Responses to What Is Type of Data Collection in Statistic?

  1. Irfan Saleh says:

    good job Broo! you will face another interesting things in statistics. .

  2. Okay Sam, Thanks a lot for the comment. Give the Best information and knowledge that we always try to serve to the reader. Wish we get more and better later…

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